Ryan W. Tang, Ying Zhu, 蔡宏波, 韩金镕, De-internationalization: A Thematic Review and the Directions Forward, Management International Review, (ABS 3), Published: 02 July 2021. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11575-021-00446-x
Abstract：The fast-growing interest in de-internationalization research calls for a comprehensive synthesis of extant literature to identify paths for future research. We have responded to this call with a framework-based thematic review of 218 articles published between 1979 and 2019. The review synthesizes theoretical arguments and empirical findings with the conceptual mapping of four themes: the concept of de-internationalization and its antecedents, consequences, and moderators. This synthesis ensures the theoretical contributions of future research on the dynamics of de-internationalization and its motives, barriers, and long-term impacts on multiple stakeholders as well as the conditions under which the impacts occur. This study, therefore, contributes to the literature with a thematic framework showing key themes in de-internationalization research as well as new directions in which to move forward.